Smoking attracts billions of people worldwide. It has been seen that will power of people for not being attracted to smoking is more in developed countries than developing countries where the percentages of both active and passive smokers are huge.
Active smokers directly use cigarette, cigar or bidis for smoking. There are many negative effects of active smoking. Cancer of different body organs is largely associated with smoking. The affected organ may be lungs, esophagus, liver, kidney, cervix, pharynx, larynx, throat, bladder, or even bone marrow. Other biological effects include various complications during pregnancy, damage of digestive system, respiratory system, cardiovascular system etc.
Passive smoking is only inhaling the smoke just by standing beside a person who is smoking or may be from the environmental tobacco smoke. By inhaling the second hand smoke, nicotine and other carcinogens and toxins are going inside the lung of the passive smokers. As a result they may experience sore eyes and throat, frequent headache, coughing, sneezing, dizziness, nausea and irritation in nasal area and many more unusual symptoms. Though passive smokers do not get addicted to smoking by this process, but for sure they share the effects of active smoking. They also are prone to all the diseases mentioned for active smokers, but in a slower rate.
If a pregnant woman is exposed to passive smoking, may observe low birth weight of baby. Children are more prone to some serious diseases caused by passive smoking. Many scientific studies have some of the diseases such as Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), asthma, lung infections and even allergies. Older people also are more vulnerable to heart disease due to passive smoking. The hazardous components of tobacco or nicotine products easily affect older people as their immunity power goes lower with the growing age. It is so sinful to see our own parents getting affected by our irresponsible habit of active smoking.
There is so much evidence that show that both active and passive smoking slowly cause breast cancer in women of ages around 50 years. The risk increases with longer duration of exposure to both types of smoking. In 2004 International Agency for Research on Cancer and World Health Organization were confident enough to declare the possibility of cancer of many organs in passive smokers is proved and therefore smoking in public places was categorized as offensive crime. Studies have shown that the probability percentage for passive smokers to develop heart disease is 25%-30% and to develop lung cancer is 20%-30%.
So, the issues have very important social impacts also as active smokers in the society create adverse effect on rest of the society comprised of non-smokers. Active smokers are causing harm to themselves by direct smoking. But they don’t have any right to spread diseases in society. As a responsible human being at first they should quit smoking. If they are not doing that at least they can isolate themselves from the surroundings while smoking to make sure that nobody is getting affected by passive smoking unknowingly.